In 1978 Anglican priest Desmond Mpilo Tutu became the first black General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches. He protested strongly against apartheid, calling for non-violent change. He campaigned internationally for economic sanctions against South Africa. In reaction, the South African government revoked his passport. A month after winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984, Tutu was elected the first black Anglican bishop of Johannesburg. In 1986 he was elected Archbishop of Cape Town, the highest position in the Anglican Church in South Africa. He continued to protest against apartheid and led many public demonstrations. In 1994 after the end of apartheid and the election of Nelson Mandela, Tutu was appointed by him as Chairman of South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission. His policy of forgiveness and reconciliation has become an international example of conflict resolution, and a trusted method of post-conflict reconstruction. He continues to pursue an active international ministry for peace.