Elaine K. Gallin has been the Program Director for Medical Research at the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation (DDCF) since May, 1999. As the Foundation’s first Program Director for Medical Research, she has led the creation and management of a portfolio of grant programs that have committed more than $160 million to support and strengthen clinical research. Dr. Gallin is also leading the foundation’s new $100 million African Health Initiative which aims to catalyze significant advances in strengthening African health systems so that they can efficiently deliver integrated primary health care to underserved populations. Launched in September 2007, this initiative will fund large scale health services delivery projects in sub-Saharan Africa that are linked to rigorous operations and implementation research. Before joining the Foundation, Dr. Gallin spent two decades as a researcher and a manager of research for the U.S. government, where she last served as the Deputy Director of the Office of International Health Programs in the U.S. Department of Energy. Dr. Gallin has participated in NIH, NSF and other peer review panels, and numerous professional committees. Currently, she is the Vice-Chair of the Health Research Alliance (an alliance of non-government research funders), a member of the Forum on Drug Discovery, Development and Translation at the Institute of Medicine and the Advisory Board of the World Community Grid, a philanthropic initiative of IBM. Dr. Gallin received her PhD in Biology from the City University of New York and completed postdoctoral fellowships in Physiology at Johns Hopkins University Medical School and Columbia University Medical School.