Mary Robinson is the President of Realizing Rights: The Ethical Globalization Initiative. She served as United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights from 1997 to 2002 and as President of Ireland from 1990-1997. She is a member of The Elders. She is Chair of the Council of Women World Leaders and Vice President of the Club of Madrid. She chairs the International Board of the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the Fund for Global Human Rights. She is chair of the GAVI Fund Executive Committee and Vice-chair of the GAVI Fund Board. She is Honorary President of Oxfam International and is Patron of the International Community of Women Living with AIDS (ICW). She is a professor of practice at Columbia University and member of the Advisory Board of the Earth Institute and Extraordinary Professor at the University of Pretoria in South Africa. She also serves as Chancellor of Dublin University.